There are around 20,000 different species of bees in the world. Bees live in colonies that contain the queen bee, worker bee, and drone. The worker bee and queen bee are female, but only the queen bee can reproduce. All drones are male. Worker bees clean the hive, collecting pollen and nectar to feed the colony, and care for the offspring. The drone’s only job is to mate with the queen. The queen’s only job is to lay eggs.
The bees store their venom in a sac attached to their stinger and only the females bite. This is because the stinger, called the ovipositor, is part of the female bee’s reproductive design. A queen bee uses her ovipositor to lay eggs and sting. Sterile females, also called worker bees, do not lay eggs. They simply use their ovipositors to sting.